The Joseph Smith Translation (JST) alters a familiar verse in Luke’s account of the birth of Jesus. Instead of “there was no room for them in the inn,” the JST reads, “there was none to give room for them in the inns.” This alteration reveals important insight about the first Christmas as well as about our obligation as Christians every Christmas and every other day of the year. It reminds us of the core message that Christ would later preach about neighbor-love: we are to “prepare him room” by loving our neighbors.
The traditional translation “no room for them in the inn” emphasizes a lack of housing in the local hostelries. It focuses on a shortage of suitable sleeping space for the strangers crowding the town. The JST translation, by contrast, emphasizes the lack of room in human hearts. It focuses on a shortage of sympathy for the strangers. In the King James Version the accent falls on the noun “room.” In the JST it falls on the verbal phrase “none to give room.” It’s not that there was no room but that there was no one willing to make room for Mary and Joseph.
The fundamental problem in the JST is not bed-space but heart-space. The implication of the JST is that a more generous heart could have found room. After all, the locals in Bethlehem presumably slept in beds that night. Surely someone could have made room for Mary in their own beds. But Mary and Joseph found “none to give them room.”
The JST also changes “inn” to “inns.” The plural adds a small but telling detail to the story. It was not just one inn keeper who refused to give Mary and Joseph room. It was many. The plural “inns” invites us to imagine Joseph and Mary going from place to place, only to be turned away again and again. It conjures up a story of repeated rejections.
And why were they rejected? Consider the possible implications of the little phrase “for them” in both translations. There was “no room for them”; “none to give room for them.” Do you suppose if Mary and Joseph had been more rich and famous someone would have found room for them? In our day, money talks. I suspect that the same was true in Bethlehem that first Christmas. If only Mary and Joseph had been rich! But they were probably poor.
How do we know this? Because when Mary and Joseph presented their firstborn son to the Lord in the temple forty days after the birth, in obedience to the Mosaic Law, they offered two pigeons instead of a lamb. This was the less expensive sacrifice that Leviticus provided for new mothers who could not afford a lamb: “And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles [i.e., doves], or two young pigeons.” (Lev. 12:8; see also 5:7).
This detail verifies that Mary and Joseph were probably of meager means. This is consistent with Mary’s self-description as a “handmaiden” of “low estate” (Luke 1:48). The scene in Luke is one of indigent strangers at the door. Hence, there was “none to give room for them in the inns”—not for needy nobodies like Mary and Joseph!
In all these details the Christmas story reminds us of our obligation to make room in the inns of our hearts for the poor, the stranger, the outcast, and the needy. This is a lesson that Jesus would often teach in his ministry, including in a story about a Good Samaritan who made room in another inn for a stranger who lay bleeding and wounded on the road to Jericho. In the Parable of the Good Samaritan, a lawyer “seeking to justify himself” asked Jesus “who is my neighbor?” His smug question appears to be born of the desire both to engage Jesus in intellectual repartee and to justify himself in drawing lines that exclude others from the circle of neighbor-love.
But the Master recasts the question similar to the way the JST recasts Luke 2:7. He shifts the focus from noun to verb—from “who is my neighbor” to “who acted as neighbor.” Here is a question to probe the heart not only of Jesus’s legalistic interlocutor but of the inn keepers in the little town of Bethlehem and of all of us. Each of us must determine if we will give room in our hearts for those who knock at our doors.
This Christmas, and always, may we be among those who welcome others into the circle of our love and thus bring more joy to the world as we respond to the ancient Christmas imperative to “let every heart prepare him room.”